Recent hypertension statistics illustrate just how big a problem hypertension has become in the US. According to the American Heart Association, last year nearly 80 million adults (one in three) had high blood pressure. Of those suffering from hypertension around 80 percent are aware they have it while 75 percent are currently undergoing treatment. Just over 50 percent of people have controlled hypertension, while 48 percent do not have it under control.
Hypertension is currently diagnosed if systolic BP is over 140 mm Hg and Diastolic BP is higher than 90 mm Hg. These statistics include people currently taking antihypertensive medications and individuals who have been told twice by a physician or other professional that they have hypertension.
Of all adults aged over 20 years of age in the United States, the following have high blood pressure:
- Of Caucasians around 33 percent of men and 31 percent of women suffer from hypertension.
- Of non-Hispanic blacks, an estimated 43 percent of men and 47 percent of women suffer from the condition.
- Of Mexican Americans, 30 percent of men and 28 percent of women have high blood pressure.
Gender and hypertension statistics
More men than women have high blood pressure up until the age of 45. Between the ages of 45–54 and 55–64, the percentage of men and women diagnosed with hypertension is similar. After this age a much higher percentage of women than men have high blood pressure. According to stats from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) at age 75 and older the percentage of women with high blood pressure is 78.5 percent while only 66.7 percent of men suffer from the condition.
Hypertension has increased significantly over recent years
In 2009 hypertension was listed as the primary cause of death in nearly 62,000 people and was a primary or contributing cause of death in nearly 350,000 of more than 4 million deaths– that’s nearly 1000 deaths each day. Between the years 1999 to 2009 mortality rates from high blood pressure increased by 17.1 percent, with the actual number of deaths rose by 43.6 percent.
Of people suffering heart attacks nearly 7 out of 10 had high blood pressure, while nearly 8 out of 10 of those suffering first strokes had high BP and over 7 out of 10 of those diagnosed with heart failure have high blood pressure. Kidney disease is another big risk factor for high blood pressure.
Treatment of hypertension statistics
Around 7 out of 10 people diagnosed with high BP take medications with people in the US visiting their doctors 55 million times in order to receive treatment.
Cost of high blood pressure
The estimated direct and indirect cost of high blood pressure in 2009 was a staggering $51 billion. This includes the cost of health care services, medications and missed days at work.
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