One in three adults in the US has high blood pressure, with more than 90% of adults who survive into their 80s developing the condition. Blood pressure is a major cause of heart attacks and strokes, so if you are diagnosed with the condition, medication is an option that must be considered.

Most prescribed medicines have some side-effects, and blood pressure meds are no different. While there are many commonly reported blood pressure drugs side effects you may not suffer from any at all. Once you’ve started taking blood pressure meds you will probably notice whether you have side effects shortly after you’ve started taking them. Blood pressure drugs, in line with most other meds, will come with an information leaflet that lists the most well-known or likely blood pressure side-effects you may experience. If you find that a particular drug doesn’t suit you there are others to try which may help lower blood pressure with no side-effects at all.

Types of blood pressure medications

ACE inhibitors are routinely used to combat high blood pressure, and some users report having a dry cough as a result. Others have felt dizzy or experienced an upset stomach after taking them. If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant you should talk to your doctor since these types of drugs can cause problems both for you and the developing baby.
Diuretics are another popular blood pressure medication. They flush extra water and sodium (salt) from the body. Side effects include increased urination, which means you will spend more time in the bathroom, erection problems, and weakness, leg cramps or fatigue. This is because diuretics may lower the levels of potassium. Rarely these types of meds can cause gout. These meds can also bring about changes in sugar levels in people who are diabetic, so this should be discussed with your doctor.
Beta-blockers cause the heart to beat less forcefully and more slowly, and side effects include increasing asthma symptoms, cold hands and feet, insomnia and depression.

How do you know if you are suffering side-effects?

It can sometimes be difficult to determine if what you feel as a result of taking a drug are in fact blood pressure drugs side-effects. For example, your blood pressure meds may be simply reacting to other medicines you’re taking. This includes herbal remedies and over-the-counter treatments, for example those for a cold. Alternatively what you think is a side-effect may be in actual fact a virus or infection.
If you do think you are having side-effects, it’s essential to carry on taking them until you’ve spoken to a nurse of doctor. This is because it’s important to keep your blood pressure regulated. It’s also possible that the side-effects will wear off over time. If they aren’t too much of a nuisance you may feel you can tolerate them in order to enjoy the continued protection from high blood pressure – but if they make it difficult for you to live life normally, do seek advice.
By working closely with your doctor you should be able to resolve the problem of blood pressure drugs side effects. There’s no reason to suffer in silence, since there are more and more options to combat hypertension than ever.


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